We all feel worried from time to time. But if worry is consuming your life, you may have an anxiety disorder. Anxiety can affect your work, relationships, self-esteem, and other aspects of your life. One in five adults in the U.S. lives with an anxiety disorder. There are five main types of anxiety disorders:
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder - Characterized by chronic worry and feelings of fear or dread without any reason
- Panic Disorder - Experiencing sudden episodes of paralyzing fear with physical symptoms like shortness of breath or fainting
- Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) - The need to perform rituals, such as washing your hands a certain number of times, in order to protect yourself from “bad things” or unavoidable obsessive thoughts
- Social Phobia - Extreme fear and avoidance of meeting new people, experiencing new situations or speaking, eating, or going out in public
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder - This condition may develop after exposure to extreme mental and/or physical trauma
Anxiety disorders affect men and women equally, and can impact people from all walks of life. The most common anxiety disorders are Generalized Anxiety Disorder, affecting more than seven million adults, Panic Disorder, affecting six million adults, and Social Phobia, affecting more than 15 million adults. Anxiety disorders are also the most common psychological disorders in children. Anxiety disorders can also raise your risk for other conditions like heart disease, depression, and substance abuse.
Each anxiety disorder has unique symptoms. Not everyone who has an anxiety disorder will display the same symptoms. Some symptoms are common indicators that you might have an anxiety disorder. You should talk to your doctor right away about treatment for your anxiety. Some symptoms that could indicate that you have an anxiety disorder are:
- Feeling restless or on edge all the time
- Being unable to make either simple or complex decisions
- Extreme shyness, especially when meeting new people or entering a new social situation
- Trouble concentrating or controlling racing thoughts
- Paranoia, or feeling that you are in danger when you are not
- Experiencing fear or worry about a situation that is consuming and greater than what others feel
- Sleep problems, including problems falling asleep or staying asleep
- A reliance on ritualized behavior in order to “prevent bad things from happening”
- Altering your behaviors or way of life to accommodate your worries
- Having panic attacks, including shortness of breath, rapid heart rate, weakness or dizziness, and other physical symptoms
- Your worries affecting your performance at work, school, or in relationships
- Extreme fear of being alone or separated from a person or object
- Paralyzing fear that others are talking about you or making fun of you
- Fear that you are not good enough or exhibiting unattainable perfectionism
Anxiety disorders can be caused by a number of factors including biological, psychological, and environmental stress. Some risk factors for anxiety disorders include:
- Extreme trauma in childhood or adulthood, including exposure to war or violence
- Hormonal fluctuations
- Childhood abuse
- Genetics: if someone else in your family has an anxiety disorder, your risk increases
- Your brain structure or function
- Withdrawal during treatment for substance use disorders
- The death of a loved one, divorce, or another form of trauma that leads to separation
- Physical trauma including brain injuries, sexual assault, choking, being in an accident, surviving a disaster, or suffering an injury
Anxiety disorders are treatable in a variety of ways. Your care team can help you find the right combination of medication, therapy, and support to help you control your anxiety disorder.
Medication: Anti-anxiety and antidepressant medications can help get your thoughts back on track. Find a doctor to talk to about medication.
Therapy: Therapy can be extremely effective in treating anxiety. Cognitive behavioral therapy, occupational therapy, talk therapy, and other types of therapy are available at Sheppard Pratt. Learn more about your therapy options.
Education: Learning more about anxiety disorders, things that can trigger them, and advances in anxiety treatment can help you and your family feel more in control. Get more information about anxiety.
Support: The right support can help you make progress and feel more confident. Join a support group through Sheppard Pratt.